The NHS and Public Health England are introducing a new campaign – “Help Us, Help You” – to help make it easier for the public to understand the things they can do to manage their own health and get the best out of the NHS.
By following the expert advice of NHS staff, the public can stay well; prevent an illness getting worse; take the best course of action; and get well again sooner - Help Us, Help You.
Why is cold weather a problem?
When the temperature drops to below 8C (47F), some people are at increased risk of heart attack, stroke, flu, pneumonia, falls and injuries, hypothermia. Cold weather can also affect people with mental health conditions, such as depression and dementia.
Who's most at risk?
Very cold weather can affect anyone, but you are most vulnerable if:
· you're 65 or older
· you're on a low income (so can't afford heating)
· you have a long-term health condition, such as heart, lung or kidney disease
· you're disabled
· you're pregnant
· you have young children (newborn to school age)
· you have a mental health condition
The Met Office provides weather forecasts on radio and TV, so listen in to these bulletins regularly to keep up-to-date with the weather.
The Met office also has advice on getting ready for winter. This includes suggestions for practical things you can do to prepare for winter weather, including cold, ice and snow, high winds and flooding.
How to keep your home warm
Follow these tips to keep you and your family warm and well at home:
· if you're not very mobile, are 65 or over, or have a health condition, such as heart or lung disease, heat your home to at least 18C (65F)
· keep your bedroom at 18C all night if you can – and keep the bedroom window closed
· during the day you may prefer your living room to be slightly warmer than 18C
· to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), babies should sleep in rooms heated to between 16C (61F) and 20C (68F)
· if you're under 65, healthy and active, you can safely have your home cooler than 18C, if you're comfortable
· draw curtains at dusk and keep doors closed to block out draughts
· get your heating system checked regularly by a qualified professional
Help with heating costs
Cold Weather Payments may be available if you’re getting certain benefits. Payments are made if the average temperature in your area is recorded as, or forecast to be, zero degrees celsius (32F) or below for seven consecutive days. You’ll get £25 for each seven day period of very cold weather between 1 November and 31 March. For more information visit www.gov.uk/cold-weather-payment.
Winter Fuel Payments of between £100 and £300 may be available to help you pay your heating bills if you were born on or before 5 November 1953. You usually get a Winter Fuel Payment automatically if you are eligible and you get the State Pension or another social security benefit (not Housing Benefit, Council Tax Reduction, Child Benefit or Universal Credit). If you’re eligible but do not get paid automatically, you will need to make a claim. The deadline for claiming payments for winter 2018 to 2019 is 31 March 2019.
Through the Warm Home Discount Scheme you could be eligible for £140 off your electricity bill for winter 2018 to 2019 (eligibility criteria apply). The money is not paid to you - it’s a one-off discount on your electricity bill, between September and March. You may be able to get the discount on your gas bill instead if your supplier provides you with both gas and electricity. Contact your supplier to find out. The discount will not affect your Cold Weather Payment or Winter Fuel Payment. For more information visit www.gov.uk/the-warm-home-discount-scheme
The Energy Saving Trust has advice on how to reduce bills and make your home more energy efficient. For more information visit www.energysavingtrust.org.uk.
For more information on cold weather benefits and the other help available, read the section on financial help to heat your home in the Keep Warm, Keep Well leaflet.
Protect your health in the cold
If you start to feel unwell, even if it's a cough or cold, don't wait until it gets more serious. Seek advice from your pharmacist.
Follow these tips on keeping well in the cold:
· find out if you can get the flu jab for free on the NHS
· wear several layers of clothes rather than one chunky layer – clothes made from cotton, wool or fleecy fibres help to maintain body heat
· use a hot water bottle or electric blanket to keep warm in bed – but don't use both at the same time
· have at least one hot meal a day – eating regularly helps keep you warm; and make sure you have hot drinks regularly
· try not to sit still for more than an hour or so indoors – get up and stretch your legs
· stay active – even moderate exercise can help keep you warm
· wrap a scarf loosely around your mouth when outdoors – add a hat and wear shoes with a good grip, too
· if you have a heart or respiratory problem, stay indoors during very cold weather
Look in on vulnerable neighbours and relatives
Check up on older neighbours and relatives, and those with heart or respiratory (breathing) problems, to make sure they:
· are safe and well
· are warm enough, especially at night
· have stocks of food and medicines so they don't need to go out during very cold weather
If you're worried about a relative or elderly neighbour, contact your local council or call the Age UK helpline on 0800 678 1174 (8am to 7pm, 365 days-a-year).
If you're concerned that the person may be suffering from hypothermia, contact NHS 111.
Get advice on keeping warm and well.